1947 – UN Partition Plan for Palestine

In February of 1947, Britain announced it would end it’s mandate in Palestine the following year. Arabs and Zionists had failed to reach an agreement about Palestine, and 53,500 illegal Jewish immigrants to Palestine were being held in camps in Cyprus.

On November 29 1947, the UN proposed partitioning Palestine into 3 sections: a Palestinian section, and Jewish section, and the international city of Jerusalem, which would remain under a “Special International Regime”.

The plan allocated 56% of Palestine to the zionists, even though the Palestinian population was twice their size.

The Plan sought to address the conflicting objectives and claims of two competing movements, Palestinian nationalism and Jewish nationalism, or Zionism. The Plan also called for Economic Union between the proposed states, and for the protection of religious and minority rights.

Arab Groups boycotted the discussions.

The Plan stipulated that the Mandate would be terminated as soon as possible and the United Kingdom would withdraw no later than 1 August 1948. The new Palestinian and Jewish states would come into existence two months after the withdrawal, but no later than 1 October 1948.

Map of the 1947 United Nations partition plan for Palestine